FILTERING REALITY: THE IMPACT OF PATTERNS OF INSTAGRAM'S USE ON PSYCHO-SOCIAL WELL-BEING OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS AT BOMET UNIVERSITY COLLEGE

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Lucy Ngundo

Abstract

In the age of digital connectivity, Instagram has evolved into a dynamic social media platform, seamlessly blending visual content with interpersonal interactions. The research recognizes the far-reaching impact of Instagram across diverse domains such as education, health, business and e-commerce, entertainment and media, non-profit endeavors, and social causes, and the role of the platform as a visual-centric space for crafting and sharing realities. However, the phenomenon of "Filtering Reality" through Instagram's curation tools prompted a systematic exploration to address a gap specifically focusing on the impact of patterns of Instagram's use on psychosocial well-being among undergraduate students at Bomet University College. The research questions were addressed through a systematic review of relevant literature, including how frequency, duration, and types of content engagement in specific patterns of Instagram use impact student’s psycho-social well-being. The paper addressed ways the curated online personas resulting from distinct patterns of Instagram use contribute to the formation or alteration of self-perception, social relationships, and emotional well-being. To provide a conceptual lens the study employed the Uses and Gratifications Theory (UGT) concerned with what individuals derive from using a medium and how they use it. The methodology adhered to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) where a systematic search of Web of Science and Scopus identified 356 records, from which 85 manuscripts were selected after screening titles and abstracts, focusing on the relationship between Instagram use and mental health indicators. Snowballing was then conducted, yielding 20 additional articles, resulting in a total of 77 manuscripts included in the review, examining the association between Instagram usage patterns and mental health, as well as key psychosocial variables contributing to this association. The study holds significance for both academic and practical domains, offering insights that can inform interventions, policies, and educational strategies to promote a healthier online environment for students. Acknowledging the scope and limitations inherent in any research endeavor, the paper concludes by highlighting avenues for future research; exploration of positive effects, and cultural variations in Instagram use particularly focusing on the undergraduate demographic.

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How to Cite
Ngundo, L. (2024). FILTERING REALITY: THE IMPACT OF PATTERNS OF INSTAGRAM’S USE ON PSYCHO-SOCIAL WELL-BEING OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS AT BOMET UNIVERSITY COLLEGE. Journal of Education and Practices ISSN 2617-5444 (ONLINE) & ISSN 2617-6874 (PRINT), 4(1), 11-23. Retrieved from https://journals.essrak.org/index.php/education/article/view/279